Scaly Face: Apply in a single application 1 to 2 drops depending on the size of the bird (1 drop per 30g body weight for Finches), to the bare skin between the shoulders. Treat all birds, re-assess in 21 days and re-treat. Do not put more drops on thinking it may kill them faster, thisgos into the blood stream and you can over dose with it. On a very small Gouldian you may want to only put a very small drop on the bird. It may take up to six weeks for effects of the treatment to become noticeable. The mites live in the respiratory tract and in time can cause the bird to start mouth breathing, and in time will suffocate the bird. Some times they can also get a secondary infections and then you should treat with a antibiotic such as Baytril or Amtyl. We have found that if you put the bird in your hand and turn it over and pull the wing out and put 1 drop for a Finch or Canary up in the area between the wing and the body where you can see skin. The Scatt must be placed on the skin and not feathers as this will take 2 days to enter into the blood stream of the bird.
When bringing in new birds you should always treat with Scatt and spray them with Avian Insect Liquidator to be sure and kill any parasites. Some signs to look for is open mouth breathing a heavy breathing, soiled feathers around the nostrils, a clicking sound when you put the bird up to your ear, coughing and sneezing, and when the bird stops singing. Sometimes if the bird is treated in time it can bounce back in 2 to 3 days, but if the bird is to the point of breathing hard and or mouth breathing this sometimes can take up to 6 weeks for the bird to be back to normal. A bird that is severely infected should be treated with a antibiotic such as baytril or Amtyl for the lesions they get in the Air Sacs and lungs caused by the Mites.
Air Sac Mite: (mainly Canaries & Finches)Apply in a single application 1 to 2 drops depending on the size of the bird (1 drop per 30g body weight), to the bare skin between the shoulders. For best results ensure re-treatment is carried out 3 to 4 times per year.
When treating for Air Sac Mites you also should be cleaning all perches and cages and spraying them with Avian Insect Liquidator every 30 days through out the year, taking special attention to there nest, even if you have babys in the nest. Keep in mind you only spray a very light mist on the birds Do Not Get Them Wet with this. Treating all your birds with Scatt prior to letting them breed will help prevent the babys from getting the Air Sac Mites, as when the parents feed them they will pass it on to them. One sysptom to look for in Canarys is when they stop singing the Scatt should be used right away. Scatt should be used 2 to 3 times a year to pertect the bird from getting a severe case of Air Sac Mites.
If you are using Scatt just for a prevenitive then 1 dose should be enough. If showing any signs of Air Sac Mites then do the second treatment. The air sac mite that severely affects the Gouldian Finch and Canarys causes respiratory distress and death. The mite (Sternostoma tracheacolum) lives and reproduces on the surface of the respiratory tract with the complete life cycle of the mite being 14 to 21 days. Transmission of the mite occurs through direct contact via the oral route commonly when infested adult birds feed regurgitated food to young nestlings. Another method of transmission occurs during courtship behaviour when males feed females. Transmission can also occur through contaminated water. Clinical signs are mouth breathing with a characteristic clicking sound. Also loss of voice, coughing, nasal discharge, tail bobbing with weakness and weight loss.
Scatt is used in the treatment of Air Sac Mites. One drop treats birds under 30 grams body weight. 2 drops should be used for Parakeets, and besure to re-treat after 21 days, being sure that it gets on the skin of the bird, as this will take 2 days to enter into the blood stream of the bird.
In some instances the ite are visible to the naked eye or they may be spotted on microscopic examination of the fixed tissues. The vet can perform a tracheal swab on the bird.
Air sac mites can also be transmitted via air by close contact with an infected bird that may be sitting nearby and coughing or sneezing onto other birds releasing a tiny mist of moisture that can have the air sac mite that can infect the other birds. When treating the birds for air sac mites the cause needs to be determind. Several diseases and health conditions cause the same symptoms that can be seen by birds infected by the air sac mites, like respiratory infections or a vitamin A deficiency could be the real cause. With out the treatment of Scatt a bird infected with the air sac mite will eventually die if not treated. The mites profiferate and eventually cause a complete blockage of the air passages resulting in death by suffocation.
Air Sac mites can be treated but real caution should be taken to see that the right dosage is given. Giving too little medication is going to be ineffective and giving too much will lead to a massive die off of these air sac mites that then cause respiratory blockage. Also one has to consider that the commonly prescribed medications themselves are toxins overdosing your bird can have serious consequences including death. If one bird of the flock is suffering an infestation of the air sac mites then it is best to treat all of the birds, since it is likely that all have been exposed to this mite via the drinking water and having direct exposure.
Mites can be dormant in the airways in some birds and can become active when the bird becomes ill or stressed or during times of hot weather. Suddenly the problem appears with the birds and all your birds start to look ill. We like to use the Scatt on birds that we know are infected with the mite as we know when we place the Scatt on the skin of the bird the correct amount is going into the blood stream of the bird. Otherwise you can use the Ivermectin Soloution in the drinking water for large flocks of birds which is almost impossible to catch all of them to place the drop onto. In trying to catch birds in a large flock you are going to only stress them out plus yourself. So it is best to treat them in aviarys with the Ivermectin Soloution.
If a respiratory problem does not clear up after 3 to 5 weeks then there are several other problems such as viruses, or bacterial problems, so you may want to treat with abroad spectrum antibiotic such as Baytril, or Amtyl, or Respiratory Solouble Powder.
Scatt is not recommended for use on birds younger than 6 months of age. And the same for Ivermectin Soloution best not to use on young birds 6 months or younger.
Scatt or Ivermectin Soloution is also used to treat Scaly Face Mites. Scaly Face Mites are usally found in Parakeets Budgerigars, but can also be found in Finches and Canaries as well. The mite can be found on the beak the vent area and the legs. This mite burrows in the skin causing a powdery like appearance. If you look closely you will see a pattern of holes in the skin, representing tunnels and burrows that the mites have caused. Treat for Scaly Face Mites the same as you would for the Air Sac Mites.
The life cycle of the Air Sac Mite is 14 to 21 days. The Scatt remains active in the blood stream of the bird for 3 weeks. in the first 21 days the Scatt will kill the air sac mites by re-treating in 21 days you will kill any of the mites that may of hatched. What is an air sac mite? An air sac mite is a bloodsucking arthropod. The air sac mite attacks the birds air sac, trachea and lungs. Many people have used Sevin to try and kill the air sac mites but in our opinion is not a good solution to cure your canary , Sevin is a poison and it may kill your canary. One of the things to remember if you treat one bird you should treat all your birds at the same time, using Scatt or Ivermectine as this is a safe treatment if used as directed. Some people ask why does one canary have air sac mites and not the others, the reason for this is some canaries have a better immune system than others and some canaries can be carriers and not be affected directly by the air sac mites. For birds with chronic sir sac mite attacks, provide good basic canary care which include , cleanliness, a balanced diet with fresh fruits and vegetables, and the aily replacement of fresh food and water using Saniclens in the water to stop any bacteria ,fungal, or alge to grow in the water. See that you keep the temperature stable not letting it get to cold.What is scaly face? Scaly face is caused by burrowing mites and as the name suggests attacks the face. The legs and feet can also be a target from these mites called Knemidokoptes pilae. If left untreated a rough scaly growth can appear. You may notice the birds bill which can elongate in its growth with a rough appearance making it easy to identify. Using Scatt will help get rid of these burrowing mites. Red mites can also kill birds and seem to be prevalent during the nesting season. The Red Mite can cause the parents to abandon the nest and then easily wipe out all the nestlings in the nest. By using Avian Insect Liquidator you can spray this right into the nest with the babies in it and this will give protection up to 6 weeks for them. besure and spray all the birds and cages with the Avian Insect Liquidator. The Red Mites attack the birds at night and suck the blood from them. During the day the Red Mite hides in all the nooks and crannies of the cage, you will not see them in the day time. You can put a white towel down before night time, and in the morning take the towel out and inspect it after day light. Another sign to watch for is your birds scratching a lot, then besure and use the Avian Insect Liquidator. When it is time to use the Scatt then also use the Avian Insect Liquidator.Things to watch for:Birds stop singing, lose luster in feathers, sit puffed up, breathing difficulties, coughing and sneezing, nasal discharge, open mouth breathing, tail bobbing up and down, weakness, weight loss, loss of voice, clicking sounds. The air sac mite are blood suckers and can take residence in your birds, throat, lungs, nostrils and air sacs, if not treated the bird will die, so besure and treat with Scatt or Ivermectin 3 to 4 times a year to prevent them from getting a large infestation of the air sac mites. Treat your birds every 3 months whether he is showing symptoms or not, to keep him happy, healthy, and mite free. The Scatt will go along ways, one bottle will probabley last several years if you only have a few birds. The Scatt usually has a 2 to 3 year shelve life on it. The air sac mite has a life cycle which live in the respiratory tract the air sacs, trachea and bronchi and lungs of the birds. The females lays eggs in the lungs the eggs hatch to become nymphs and then turn into adults, the females move back to the air sacs and the males will remain in the lungs. The females tend to stay in the air sacs and nasal cavity and treachea and move to the lungs to lay eggs. This life cycle can be completed within 6 days so you can see how fast they can multiply.